Societal mindset, financial stability and perceived intelligence are some of the factors for the current growth of engineering students in India. In addition, an engineering degree also provides a good base for a student to pursue higher studies in India as well as in reputed international global universities such as MIT and Stanford. Another factor influencing the growth of engineering courses in India is the high flexibility of changing career paths, their high degree of analytical aptitude and application-based thought process which opens a wide variety of career avenues open to them.
In 1991, India on verge of bankruptcy took the bold step of globalization and economic liberalization. Foreign investments started pouring in and India became one of the most developing countries. This led to an extensive brain-drain. Internationally based companies started recognizing the intellectual potential of hard-working engineers and offered them attractive salaries to work abroad. More Indians became interested in engineering with a vision of a better lifestyle abroad, people started to think engineering as a better path to life and a stable future.
The graph shows that the growth of engineering students from 1991, till 2007. As of August 2015, India has a total of 18 IITs, the Indian School of Mines, 32 NITs, 18 state-funded technical institutes and 18 IIITs.
CONS AND DISADVANTAGES OF ENGINEERING
According to an article in The Atlantic, there is little to support the claim of a dearth of engineers: if that were the case, the wages would’ve been aggressively rising, in comparison to professions where there is an oversupply of skilled labour. But, that is has not been the case. With more intensity and worry, the job security may be based on false hope, engineering jobs are offshore and being filled by cheaper temporary labour. The Atlantic is not the only publisher raising an alarm, The Washington Post quoted a study that concludes that shortage in engineering “is a myth.”
Some of the perks of being an engineer are:
- Work is stressful – especially when the equipment or structure has the potential to impact human life.
- More time in school.
- Workload is unpredictable and very high at certain times.
- Always has a competitive atmosphere for promotion.
- Lesser practical skills upon graduation especially in business background.
- Very rigorous and abstract mathematics is required.
But irrespective of the cons, an engineering degree is always demanding, and only the dedicated need apply. Regardless of employment numbers, getting a paying job will require plenty of studying, and unpaid work. If that does bother you, an engineering degree will prove an valuable ticket to professional success.